food box

Food redistribution up, but nearly 200,000 tonnes of surplus food still goes uneaten

6 July 2022

The latest figures for surplus food redistribution in the UK show that the amount of food saved from becoming waste continues to rise significantly. But climate action NGO WRAP, which monitors UK surplus food as part of its food waste prevention work, warns that each year nearly 200,000 tonnes of perfectly good food still go to waste in the supply chain.

Against a backdrop of rising food prices and impacts on the supply chain, the collective efforts of the UK’s retailers, food manufacturers, hospitality & food service businesses and voluntary sector have still managed an impressive 16% increase in surplus food redistribution in 2021. In that year alone, more than 106,000 tonnes of surplus food - the equivalent of 253 million meals - were redistributed via charitable and commercial outlets with a value of more than £330 million.

In 2021, charities handled six times more surplus food than in 2015.

The commercial sector took the bulk of surplus food from manufacturers in 2021, with retail the largest supplier to the charitable sector. The hospitality & food service sector continues to increase the tonnage of surplus food it redistributes. The types of food redistributed remain similar, with the amount of fresh meat and fish, drinks and ambient food doubling between 2019 and 2021, while fresh produce, dairy, chilled pre-prepared and frozen food all fell in 2021, with bakery and chilled-prepared foods now lower than in 2019.

Today’s announcement of a sixth year-on-year rise in redistribution follows a Food Standards Agency report highlighting the need to increase the amount of food redistributed, to ensure that as much surplus food is redistributed to people rather than going to waste.

Two years ago WRAP published best practice guidance on Redistribution of Own-Label surplus food products within the supply chain to drive up redistribution; after consulting with the FSA, Defra, UK retailers, suppliers, redistribution organisations and sector bodies. The climate change NGO continues to work with businesses to implement this best practice across supply chains, but warns that uptake could be faster.

Catherine David, Director Collaboration and Change at WRAP, “It’s devastating to see how much food continues to be wasted from supply chains when so many people are struggling to afford the basics, and food redistributors say they can take more. Whilst we welcome the increased amount of food being redistributed in the UK, we know there is a huge amount of good food – 200,000 tonnes of it every year – that could be feeding people. Wasting food also feeds climate change, as all the resources taken to produce the food are thrown in the bin with it. We urge all food businesses and their suppliers to adopt our guidance on redistribution as a priority and help more food get to the people who need it. The surplus food is there, and there is so much more that could be saved at this difficult time for UK families.”

Work through the Courtauld 2030 Redistribution Working Group has been instrumental in increasing redistribution, with grant-funding by government helping to significantly expand capacity and capabilities within the sector. Grant support of more than £12 million in Defra grants was awarded to around 250 projects, with funding and donations awarded from other UK governments and businesses.

Today’s figures were announced as Defra Minister for Food, Victoria Prentis, attended the one-year anniversary of the opening of London-based food redistribution charity The Felix Project’s depot in Poplar. This received an £800,000 Government grant under the Resource Action Fund*, administered by WRAP on behalf of Defra, which enabled the charity to develop and furnish a new depot beside its existing kitchen and expand the amount of food it handles.

Claire Shrewsbury, Director Insights and Innovation at WRAP, “The UK’s network of food charities provides a lifeline for many people, and while they serve a crucial function in supporting families, they are also a key environmental tool preventing food waste. Grant support has significantly helped to speed up redistribution, not least during lockdown when we funded 230 not-for-profits with more than £3.8 million. Though the Resource Action Fund alone, a total of seventeen small and largescale organisations have been able to feed people and prevent nearly 30,500 tonnes of food from going to waste, saving around 122,600 tonnes of GHG emissions linked to food.

“This created 27 new jobs and meant help could be given to more than 200,000 users of those organisations.”

Food Minister, Victoria Prentis, said: “Nobody wants to see good food go to waste. As a country, we waste enough food to fill up Wembley Stadium eight times every year. That is why the work of groups like WRAP and the Felix Project are so important. With a 16% increase in surplus food redistribution in 2021 and more than 106,000 tonnes of surplus food redistributed, reducing food waste is a great example of what we can achieve when we all come together. Our Food Waste Prevention Programme has provided 300 grants totalling almost £12 million since 2018. Food is a personal and political priority for me, and I am delighted to be able to support WRAP and the Felix Project today.”

 Charlotte Hill OBE, CEO of The Felix Project, says: "In the last three years The Felix Project has increased redistribution of surplus food from 6 million meals to an incredible 40 million meals rescued and delivered for those most in need. We are so thankful to Defra for generously funding our newest East London depot, allowing us the extra capacity to rescue more good food than ever before. Now, in the face of a worsening cost-of-living crisis, it is even more vital that we work together to get food to our 1000 community partners across London and to maximise the social value of this surplus food.”

Redistribution has more than tripled since WRAP first reported figures in 2015. An estimated 426,000 tonnes of surplus food worth more than £1.3 billion has been saved from wastage - the equivalent of more than a billion meals in six years.


Notes to Editor

  • Report Surplus food redistribution in the UK 2015 to 2021 | WRAP
  • *Funding through the Resource Action Fund for the Poplar depot allowed The Felix Project to deliver the equivalent of 7 million meals in 12 months to in-need local communities in East London, by rescuing more than 3,000 tonnes of surplus food - a 25% increase overall.
  • To support future surplus food redistribution, WRAP has produced case studies on the impact the Resource Action Fund has had by increasing the capability of local, regional and national redistribution organisations. WRAP has a suite of new materials and a video made with City Harvest, which bought vans and expanded into a larger warehouse. RAF investment helped City Harvest increase its network of donors nationwide, and source more than half a million meals of fresh fruit and vegetables (1.5 million items) from primary producers to promote health and wellbeing in the capital as demand in London rose threefold.
  • WRAP has updated the Food and Drink Surplus Network to make it easier for businesses with surplus food to connect with commercial and charitable redistributors and is providing specialist technical support in the USA and Australia and sharing learnings to increase food surplus redistribution in those countries.
  • Nearly 150 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent emissions (CO2e) are linked to the production, distribution, consumption and disposal of the food and drink we consume in the UK. The food system is a key contributor to greenhouse gas emissions, yet in the UK we still waste more than £19 billion of food per year. Find out more about the food system’s impact on climate change, and WRAP’s work to mitigate it, here.
  • The Food Surplus Redistribution Working Group was set up under the Courtauld Commitment 2030 to bring together more than 40 representatives from major retailers, brands and manufacturers, hospitality & food service businesses, trade bodies as well as all the major redistribution organisations and UK governments. It aims to address the challenge of increasing food redistributed through sharing best practice, identifying barriers and opportunities to overcome these, overseeing the development of new resources and research and approaches to monitoring progress. Find out more about WRAP’s work in this area here.
  • The Resource Action Fund was an £18million fund, managed by WRAP and funded by Defra, to support resource efficiency projects with the goal of diverting, reducing, and better managing waste.
  • WRAP is a climate action NGO working around the globe to tackle the causes of the climate crisis and give the planet a sustainable future. Our vision is a thriving world in which climate change is no longer a problem. We believe that our natural resources should not be wasted and that everything we use should be re-used and recycled. We bring together and work with governments, businesses and individuals to ensure that the world’s natural resources are used more sustainably. Our core purpose is to help tackle climate change and protect our planet by changing the way things are produced, consumed and disposed of. Our work includes: UK Plastics Pact, Courtauld Commitment 2030, Textiles 2030 and the citizen campaigns Love Food Hate Waste, Love Your Clothes, Clear on Plastics and Recycle Now. We run Food Waste Action Week and Recycle Week.